It's normal for cats to breathe fast if they are anxious, overheated or exerting themselves playing, but if your cat is breathing rapidly while resting it could be a sign of a health problem. Here, our Santa Clarita vets discuss some causes of fast breathing in cats and when you should call your vet.
Your Cat's Breathing
If your cat is healthy they will typically take between 10 - 30 breaths every minute. Each breath travels to the lungs where it oxygenates the blood. Oxygenated blood then circulates through your cat's body allowing your kitty's vital organs to do a range of essential jobs. Rapid breathing - tachypnea - in cats is often irregular and shallow and can be an indication that insufficient oxygen is making its way into the lungs. Normal breaths should create a small rise and fall of the chest.
When To Head To The Emergency Vet
Rapid breathing can be a sign of a serious underlying condition. Since proper oxygenation of the blood is essential to your cat's health, rapid breathing at rest is a symptom that should never be ignored.
If your cat’s sides are moving in and out dramatically, or if breathing is accompanied by a whistling sound or gasps contact your vet right away or call your nearest after-hours animal emergency hospital.
Other Symptoms To Watch Out For
Fast breathing at rest is generally a sign of an underlying illness and will often occur along with other symptoms. Depending on the cause of your cat's fast breathing you may notice one or more of the following symptoms:
- Sides, chest and stomach moving in and out rapidly
- Open mouth breathing or panting
- Lowered head with extension of neck and body forward
- Noisy breathing such as whistling, wheezing, or groans with each breath.
- Lack of energy, lethargy
- Blue color to the gums
- Reluctance to move, jump or play
- Extended periods of sleep
- Loss of appetite
Breathing difficulties are a very serious health concern. Contact your vet right away if your cat is showing any of the symptoms seek urgent veterinary care for your kitty.
Reasons Why Your Cat Could Be Breathing Fast
Our Santa Clarita vets often hear from concerned pet parents wondering, "why is my cat breathing heavy?". Below are just a few of the reasons why your cat may be panting or breathing heavily.
- Common signs of asthma in cats include heavy breathing with mouth open, panting, wheezing, and coughing, and increased respiratory rate. While asthma in cats may not be cured, it can be successfully managed with corticosteroids or bronchodilators.
- While more common in dogs, heartworm can also affect cats and cause breathing difficulties. Treatment for heartworm includes supportive care with corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and oxygen therapy in more serious cases. Heartworm disease is extremely serious and can be fatal, which is why our vets recommend keeping your cat on a monthly heartworm preventative medication.
Hydrothorax & Congestive Heart Failure
- Hydrothorax is is a condition characterized by the accumulation of fluid in and around the lungs which can cause deep, rapid breathing, coughing, and panting. Treatment may include draining the fluid, as well as medications to dilate blood vessels, get rid of excess fluid, and make the heart contract more forcefully.
- If your feline friend has developed a respiratory infection such as pneumonia it may be difficult for them to breathe normally. Respiratory infections can lead to heavy breathing or panting in cats. These infections typically begin as viral infections, but often develop into secondary bacterial infections. Antibiotics may be required to treat your cat's condition so that they can breathe easier. Humidifiers and steam can help loosen mucus and make nasal breathing easier as your cat recovers.
Other Conditions That Could Cause Rapid Breathing
As well as the conditions listed above there are other conditions that can cause cats to breathe rapidly, including:
- Trauma or injury
- Tumors in chest, lungs or throat
- Pulmonary edema (lungs filling with fluid)
- Pleural effusion (fluid around the lungs)
- Airway obstruction (something stuck in throat)
- Pain, stress or shock
Treatment For Fast Breathing in Cats
In order to provide your cat with effective treatment is will be necessary for your vet to determine the underlying cause of your kitty's fast breathing. This may require a number of tests such as bloodwork, urinalysis and/or diagnostic imaging.
Your cat's treatment will be focused on the underlying cause of the breathing issues. Depending on the cause of your kitty's rapid breathing treatment may include:
- Surgery to remove turmors
- Procedures to drain fluid from chest
If your cat's breathing is giving you cause for concern call your vet immediately. After all, when it comes to your cat's health it's always better to err on the side of caution.
When it comes to respiratory issues, treatment is typically most effective when a condition is diagnosed early, before developing into a more severe health concern. Do not wait until your kitty's symptoms become severe. Early treatment could save you money in the long run, and may help to protect your cat's health.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.